The district was formed on 25th of May ,1998 . Korba is a tribal majority district situated in the north-central part of Chhattisgarh.
Korba is the power capital of the Chhattisgarh State. The district comes under Bilaspur division and is inhabited mainly by tribal including the protected tribe Korwas (Pahadi Korwa). Korba is blessed with lush green forest cover, where a sizable number of tribal populations are found. The Adivaisis in the forest areas live in-tandem with the environment and have retained their distinctive cultural characteristics and traditional observances.
Korba is often referred as the Industrial Hub of Chhattisgarh. The district within itself is enriched with all the essential raw materials needed for power generation namely coal and water. The four Thermal Power Plants (NTPC, KTPS, BALCO & BCPP, DSPM, CSEB East, CSEB West) together generates 3650 MW of electricity. Besides these, there is a Hydro Electric Power Station situated at Machadoli, Bango. Coal is also abundant in the district. The SECL, a profit making Coal Company under the Coal India Limited has many of its important mines in Korba district. BALCO (Bharat Aluminium Company) an aluminum major being the single largest Aluminium producer at one location is also based in the district.